Hysteroscopy is a technique used to accurately detect different abnormalities of the uterine cavity, such as polyps, submucosal myomas or innate abnormalities of the uterus. To perform a conventional hysteroscopy, a rigid device carrying an optical system must be inserted into the cavity. Although, in recent years, these devices have become finer, there is always a risk that manipulation within the uterine cavity may cause adverse reactions of the immune system, especially in women with a predisposition.
In 2015-2016, Dr. Jan Tesarik with his colleagues from the MAR&Gen Clinic developed a virtual sonographic hysteroscopy technique that consists of recording a video using a special ultrasound probe inserted into the vagina. The images obtained are then processed by a computer program to reconstruct high-resolution three-dimensional images. The technique, called virtual sonographic hysteroscopy, was published in 2017 in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Virtual hysteroscopy avoids any contact of diagnostic probes with the interior of the uterine cavity.